• Jellineks Rettungstornister © Technisches Museum Wien, Foto: Peter Sedlaczek
Collection Area
Energy & Mining
1910 - 1919
At the moment this object is not published in the museum.

Jellinek’s first-aid kit for electrical accidents


During the First World War, electricity was used not just as drive energy, but also as a weapon. Once placed under high-voltage current, wire fences in front of trenches became insurmountable obstacles for enemy soldiers attempting to storm the position.

In 1915 special electric field battalions were formed within the Imperial & Royal Army to install these high-voltage obstacles. The Viennese staff physician Stefan Jellinek worked on the scientific research into this electric weaponry. His duties included studying the effects of electrical current on the human body. He was also briefed to come up with systems capable of unleashing a fatal impact. Jellinek also developed a life-saving kit to protect the Austrian army’s own soldiers in the event of electrical accidents. It included isolating gloves, tongs, tongue extensors, salves and bandages.

A six-part series of illustrations was also included to demonstrate how first aiders should proceed when coming to the rescue of soldiers caught in an electrical current while protecting themselves from injury at the same time.

Inv.Nr. 67424
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